Welcome to the Central Sericultural Research and Training Institute, Mysore - the premier R & D institute par excellence. Silk has been intermingled with the tradition and culture of Indians. In fact, it is a way of life for millions! Sericulture - a rural based, high employment generating, profitable enterprise plays a vital role in the socio- economic development of the country. Also being an excellent foreign exchange earner, today, silk industry ought to excel by producing quality silk to beat the challenges of the changed global marketing trends.
The origin and growth of sericulture in south India may be traced back as a result of official experimentation and promotion by Tipu sultan in the state of Mysore. It was systematically organized and developed by the, then ruler of erstwhile Mysore State between 1780 and 1790.The support was continued later by Mysore rulers and the industry flourished and grew after the restoration of Krishna Raj Wadeyar.
To continue such developmental efforts and to conduct research activities in the tropical sericulture areas, Central Sericultural Research Institute (CSRI) was established in Channapatna by the Government of Mysore in 1955. Later, an All India Sericultural Training Institute (AISTI) was established by Central Silk Board at Mysore during 1958, to cater to the training needs of the sericulturists in South India. The establishment process of Central Sericultural Research and Training Institute, Mysore commenced when CSB took over Central sericulture research institute (CSRI), Channapatna in 1961. Later during 1964/65 the All India Sericultural Training Institute (AISTI), Mysore got merged into Central Sericultural Research Institute (CSRI) to become Central Sericultural Research & Training Institute, Mysore.
Over the years, it has grown in to a full-fledged centre of excellence and internationally acclaimed premier research institute for tropical sericulture in South East Asia. It has provided commendable support to enhance silk productivity and quality ensuring generation of higher income for the farmers. Presently, the campus of CSRTI, Mysore spreads over 53.60 ha with the mulberry farm of 25.84 ha. In CSRTI, Mysore, - dedicated scientific personnel are working in - well-equipped research laboratories concentrating on different areas in mulberry cultivation, silkworm rearing, sericultural engineering, extension, economics and training in the main campus. Besides, this institute has a large extension network comprising 4 regional research stations and 33 extension centers/sub-units and 2 breeding stations spreading across Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.
The institute has marked a niche as a leading R & D institution on tropical sericulture with its well-developed sericulture infrastructure and strong indigenously developed technological base. Adopting both lab to land and land to lab concepts, it carries out research in different aspects of mulberry sericulture from soil to cocoon production covering all the aspects of on farm activities to cater to the needs of on-farm sector.
The tropical technology package developed by the institute has in fact revolutionized the cocoon/silk production. Adoption of this package has metamorphosed the very concept of sericulture being treated as a cottage industry par excellence into a full-fledged industry! The bivoltine silkworm hybrids like CSR2 ´ CSR4, mulberry varieties like V1, package of practices, disease management strategies etc,. developed by the institute have not only given a new dimension to sericulture, but also enabled the country to produce quality silk substantially under tropical conditions. The productivity and the quality of the silk have gone up enormously in the past five decades.
The extension strategies of the institute encompass participatory, decentralized, holistic, market oriented, information based and demand driven approaches. They have helped in the effective transfer of the technologies to the farmers from time to time. The extension programmes like IVLP, CPP, etc., fully supported by Central Silk Board through National Sericulture Project, CDP, CPP etc., besides the Swiss assisted ICTRETS and JICA programmes have changed the very dimension of Indian Sericulture. The Institute with its excellent extension network encompassing RSRSs, RECs and REC-Sub units located in different states, disseminates the technologies developed, to the stakeholders.
The institute has also made a dent as a center for higher learning and advanced training on domestic and international front.
The institute has been continuously striving for higher productivity of mulberry/silkworm races and refinement of technologies.. In nutshell, the humble institute, which has commemorated its Golden Jubilee during 2011, has metamorphosed into a premier R&D institute, par excellence. With the commendable support extended by the institute, the southern states today contribute the lion's share (over 90 % ) of the total silk produced in the country.
Dr. V. Sivaprasad